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Storage Rack For Sheet Materials (Plywood, OSB, MDF, Chipboard, Melamine etc)

In this video I'm going to build a sheet materials storage rack to hold all my plywood, OSB, melamine, chipboard and MDF.
I've already done a 3D drawing using SketchUp to design what I want to make.  I designed the rack to be as compact as possible but also have the ability to hold a full 8ft by 4ft sheet.  It's not often I use full sheets, because most of my work is with reclaimed materials but I still want the ability to be able to store them.  
I based the dimensions for my rack to fit insie an alcove in my storage lock up, but if you want to build one, it'd be pretty simple to make it longer or shorter based on your own space requirements.
I first started working on the frame and for this I'd use some reclaimed 3 by 2s, these measure 38mm x 63mm and these are cheap to buy - usually aroud £3 here in the UK per 2.4m length, but as the stuff I'm using is reclaimed the lengths of the pieces I had varied. So I started by measuring each piece and writing the dimensions at the end to help me plan how to make the most out of the lengths that I had based on the measurements from my drawing
I'd start by making the back panel. I set u a stop block at the length that I wanted my rack to be, and cut two pieces with the mitre saw. These would be the horizontal pieces.
And then I cut 4 pieces at 1200mm for the vertical pieces.
So ordinarily for this sort of project I'd use some screws and my impact driver to assemble, but as I now have a Hitachi framing nailer and I wanted an excuse to try it out, this seemed like a great opportunity to use it.  
I applied wood glue, and started to assemble, first adding a vertical piece to each end of one of the horizontal pieces. I used a speed square to keep everything square.
Then I turned it over and added another horizontal piece form a rectangle.
I measured the internal dimensions of the horizontal piece which was 1350mm and dividing that by 3 gave me the spacing for the 2 vertical pieces to equally space them out. 
I made some marks 450mm in from each side and then I could centre the uprights to those marks just by eye, and glue and nail them in place.
That was the back panel finished and I took it out to the garden just to free up some space in the workshop.
If I was making this rack using newly purchased wood, I would make the whole thing using 3 by 2s or 63mm x 38mm lengths to be more precise and that would be as per the 3d drawing I was working to.  But if you've been watching my channel for a while you'll know by now that I don't like buying new wood especially when I can make use of stuff that I have already.  
At this point I didn't have enough 3 by 2s to make both the bottom panel and the 45 degree braces that needed to be added later. I did however have a piece of spruce - which is the same construction timber as the 3 by 2s - so I decided to use that.  I also decided that the framing for the bottom panel didn't need to be as thick as 38mm x 63mm, so to get more out of the piece that I had, I ripped it in to 38mm square lengths using the tablesaw.
Then I cut all the 38mm square pieces to length on the mitresaw based on the dimensions from the drawing. 
The frame for the bottom panel got assembled in exactly the same way as the back panel I could use the same spacing again too for the two pieces evenly spaced in the centre.
At one point the nailer stopped firing nails and I just couldn't get it to work.  And then I realised that I was an idiot, and the nails needed replenishing!
The bottom panel needed to be cladded, as it would basically be a shelf to support various sizes of sheet materials.  Rather than using up anything decent, I decided to instead use three pieces of melamine reclaimed from an old wardrobe I found in the streets.  Two wardrobe doors, and a side panel to be more accurate. 
These were almost the perfect size, I just needed to remove the door handles and hinges.
And then I could position them starting with one piece flush to one corner and fasten them down using some drywall screws. I didn't bother using glue here as the wood glue probably wouldn't adhere to the plastic coating on the melamine very well, and it wasn't really necessary anyway, the screws would do the job just fine.
Once all three pieces were secured, I just needed to trim off the excess so after marking up a couple of cut lines with a Sharpie, I used my circular saw to make the cuts.
I also had a spare pair of castors, so I decided to add them to the underside of the bottom panel to make the rack mobile, which I'm sure will come in useful at some point in the future.
Now that the back and bottom panels were done, all that was left to cut was the 45 degree braces that would really help to make the rack nice and rigid.  
I used the last pieces of 3 by 2 for this, and cut the 45 degree ends at the mitre saw based on the dimensions from my drawing.
Then I took all the parts over to my storage lock up ready for the final assembly.
Both the bottom and back panels fitted snugly inside the alcove which was great - glad I got those measurements correct.
I first added some long 70mm screws through the bottom of the back panel in to the frame of the bottom panel.
And then I could add the 45 degree braces. I used glue and nails to fasten the ends which joined to the back panel.  And for the other ends I used screws instead of nails, because I wasn't sure if  the melamine would break in to pieces if I were to fire through some nails.
Once the rack was in place I could sort my random assortment of mostly salvaged sheet materials on to the rack.  I get a lot of questions about where I get wood from, and the best answer I have is to watch the video on my channel called "How to get wood for free or cheap" from around a year and a half ago, as that basically explains where I get most of it. I'll leave a link to that in the description box below if you're interested in checking it out.
I mentioned at the start of this video that I designed this rack so that it would be able to hold a full 8ft x 4ft sheet, but when I installed the rack I found that I didn't really have enough height in my lock up to be able to store 8ft lengths the way that I had intended anyway.  But no big deal, and some of the pieces I have were thin enough that they sat inbetween the roof rafters anyway.
So here's the rack before and after all my sheet materials had been organised.
I'm really pleased with how this project turned out - the rack has helped me to store my sheet materials really efficiently in a small amount of floor space meaning I can use the space free'd up in my lock up for other things.
This project took around 4-5 hours to complete so it was nice and quick, the framing nailer definitely helped to speed things up a bit but this could have easily been built with screws instead - I really just wanted to have a play with my new toy!
I've also made a video about my first impressions of the framing nailer, so check that out if you're interested.
Thanks for watching!

Channel Update - New Q&A and 50k Subscriber giveaway

Restoring Two Old Spokeshaves

I donned a pair of gloves for this as it was about to get messy.
I'd start the cleaning process with some 80 grit abrasive paper and some 220 grit wet and dry paper stuck to a melamine board with some sticky back tape.
I started cleaning up the top of the cap iron, and eventually revealed that it was made by Record, which was a pleasant surprise. 
So here I'm just removing the rust, I'm not trying to make it look new like it just came out of the factory, I actually like my tools to look like they've had some use.
Next I worked on the front bevel, so I'm just gradually changing the angle against the abrasive paper until all the rust was gone.
Then I did the back of the cap iron
I sprayed some water with a drop of washing up liquid in it for lubrication on to the 220 grit wet and dry paper and then repeated the process just to polish up the metal.
I also needed to clean the edges, so I did that by hand and that was the cap iron done
The cutting iron eas very rusty, so I gave that some 80 grit action too.
I was only hitting the edges, as there was quite a big hollow in the centre - but the tip was nice and flat and that's all I wanted so rather than spending ages getting the back of the blade flat for no good reason I just cleaned up the centre by hand.
And for the second surprise under all that rust, the cutting iron is actually made by Stanley, so it's a Stanley cutting iron, and a Record cap iron... No idea if the body is a Record, a Stanley, or someting else entirely!
Then I cleaned up the top of the cutting iron, and here's a really nice camera angle.
After polishing on the 220 grit this is how it looked. 
The cutting edge was really blunt, and to demonstrate that I tried it out on some paper and as you can see it doesn't cut at all at the moment.
To sharpen it I'd start with my 360 and 600 grit double sided diamond plate.  I'll leave links in the description box below this video to all of the products I use for sharpening.
I sprayed on some water and started to clean up the back first at 360 and then 600 grit.
Next I'd use my whetstone, which I'd already put in some water a few minutes before, this is 1000 grit on one side and 6000 on the other.
And I love this stone because it cuts through the metal really really quickly as you can see by the grey slurry.
After using 1000 I moved to 6000 side and this gets the metal really shiny, almost mirror like.
Usually for sharpening the cutting edge, I use a honing guide, this helps to maintain a consistent bevel angle while you're sharpening, but the spokeshave blade is too small for that so I'd need to do it by hand and I've not had much practice at that.  
I started by finding the bevel on the diamond plate, and then this happened...   Here it is in slow motion - not good at all.
Then I realised that if I held the blade at roughly a 45 degree angle, there was much less chance of me repeating that mistake again, and that worked much better.  After a while I could feel a burr along the length of the cutting edge which is a good sign...  I couldn't quite capture it on camera, but you'll see it later on when I remove it from the blade.
So now that the burr was established I moved up through the grits again - 600, 1000 and 6000.
The great thing about having  both a diamond plate is that you can flatten the whetstone on it, as the whetstone is much softer than the diamond plate.
Finally I used my strop, this is the back of a piece of leather which I salvaged from a leather foot stool, glued on to a block of MDF.
I charged the strop with some green polishing compound.
I first removed the burr from the back of the blade, and here it is.  
I polished the cutting edge and got a really nice mirror like finish.
At this point I did all the sharpening cliches like shaving my arm hair off and slicing paper, because I don't think it's possible to make a sharpening video on YouTube without that.
To protect the bear metal parts, I'd use this, it's a piece of cloth soaked in 3 in 1 oil stuffed tightly in to a plastic lid, this is something I learned from Paul Sellers YouTube channel. 
I rubbed that on the cutting iron and cap iron too.
The sole of the spokeshave also needed some cleaning up.  I did that on the diamond plates again, at 360 and then 600 grit.  I didn't bother going higher as it wasn't really necessary. Then I oiled up all the other parts, includig the screw threads.
I put the spokeshave back together so I could try it out.  
I started with pine and it worked well.  And then I moved on to some oak and it had no trouble with that either - it cut nice and cleanly.
Then I remembered I had some metal paint left over from when I restored my vise, so I thought I'd take the clean up a bit further.  I removed all the parts from the body again and sanded it down.  I wasn't aiming to get down to bear metal - just to roughen up the surface so that the new paint would adhere.. I cleaned off the dust with some white spirit and then dried it with a paper towel, and then applied the paint.  I just did two coats as this stuff covers really well.
For the second spokeshave, I first removed the blade.  It was quite rusty.
I flattened the back working up through the grits as I had for the previous one.
Then I could start working on the cutting edge, and for this I couldn't sharpen it on the diamond plates or whetstone because of the pins being in the way, so instead I used a method I'd seen in a Paul Sellers video.
I stuck some sticky back tape on to a scrap piece of pine, and then added some 240 grit wet and dry paper.
I made some marks with a sharpie on the cutting edge, and then added a block in to my vise which the blade would rest on.  I did some sharpening and I could see that the marker pen was being removed from the tip of the cutting edge which was what I wanted.
As you can see with one end of the stick referencing on the surface workbench and the other end on the cutting edge, a consistent angle is maintained while sharpening.
I added some 400 grit paper on the other end of the stick and polished the cutting edge some more.
The great thing about this system is that it's adjustable via the block in the vise so you can get the exact height you need to hit the cutting edge.  Here I'm using another stick with 1200 grit.  
And then I added some polishing compound to the other side so that I could polish the edge even more.
After oiling the blade I could re-fit tehe blade and set the cutting depth.  And as you can see this one worked well too.
 

Making A Small Air Filtration Unit (FAIL)

In this video I'm going to be making a small air filtration unit for my workshop.

Recently I upgraded the dust extraction for my shop by installing a new extractor to my shed extension, and ducting to all my machines in the shop to collect as much dust as possible at source.
 
And that's working really well, but it was never going to be a perfect solution as some dust particles are always going to get airborn.  One example is my tablesaw - most of the dust from this goes downwards towards the dust port as it should, and gets sucked up by the extractor, but some of the dust also goes forwards, and I know this because when I use the tablesaw I notice a bit on my clothing, and also I usually find a fine layer of dust settling behind me on my bandsaw table.
 
Other things like sanding or routing will also create a little dust in the air even when connected up to the extractor, and those small particles of dust are the ones that are most harmful for your lungs.
 
As I looked in to solutions for cleaning the air in my shop there seemed to be two solutions available to buy.
The first is to buy an air filtration unit like the ones on screen now by various brands.  These seem pretty good, and the cost of them seems to range between 150 and 400 pounds.  I have a few problems with these - firstly their size - I don't really have space for something so big, I don't have any wall space, and if I mounted it on my ceiling i'd lose too much headroom. The best space I have for something like this would be above my tablesaw in the middle of my shop, but I also use the tablesaw as an extension to my workbench and if I'm working on something large I think it'll just get in the way.  The other problem I have with these is that even the smaller units are designed to clean air in spaces much larger than my shop.  The smallest unit I can find is designed to clean spaces up to 113 cubic metres of space.  My workshop is 2.6 cubic metres.  So I don't think I need something as powerful to clear such a small space.
 
The second option is to install an extractor fan to one of my walls, but the problem I have with that is an extraction fan will also remove the heated air from inside my insulated shop and in the winter I want to try and retain that heat to keep my shop at a reasonable temperature.  
So instead what I decided to do is attempt to make a small air filtration unit that does not get in my way as I'm working, that's adequately powered rather than over powered to clean the air in my small shop and that filters out the smallest micron dust particles that are the most harmful to my lungs and that's easy to maintain.  It also preferably needs to be relatively quiet running too.
 
To get started I needed a small fan and some filters.  
 
For the fan, so I looked on Amazon and chose this one here - I chose this because firstly it's rated at 230v which means I can just wire it up to a normal UK plug, it's a "silent" operating fan, so it should be nice and quiet, it has good reviews on Amazon, and also it was relatively cheap at about £33.  I'll provide a link in the description box below
 
For the filters, I decided it'd be good to have something washable so that I don't need to replace the filters regularly I can just clean them and re-use them, and I wanted a HEPA rated filter to filter out the smallest particles of dust.  So I put washable HEPA filter in to Amazon and found this pair of filters designed for a Dyson vacuum cleaner.  These are roughly the same size - slightly bigger actually - than the 100mm outlet of the extractor fan so they seemed to be a good option. 
 
This concept didn't work unfortunately :-( I think it's a combination of the fan being underpowered and the filters being quite thick, and I als got a lot of feedback from YouTube from people saying that the fan should be sucking air in through the filters rather than blowing air in to the,...

VLOG 2 - Expanding My Business / Dust Extraction / What's New / Tool Talk / Christmas

Section times:

0:39 - Expanding My Business

3:19 - Dust Extraction Follow Up

5:35 - What's New

8:09 - Tool Talk

Products mentioned in video:

Trend Air Ace Respirator: http://amzn.to/2kM8XOA (Amazon UK) http://amzn.to/2D1D2Ao (Amazon US)

Orazio 24l Silent Air Compressor: https://goo.gl/oxZMNT (AIM Tools)

Crenova Hot Glue Gun: http://amzn.to/2zk3pzh (Amazon UK) http://amzn.to/2l3DfeX (Amazon US)

Makita LXT Trim Router: http://amzn.to/2C11JjD (Amazon UK) http://amzn.to/2BUc1ja (Amazon US)

Borderlinx service: www.borderlinx.com

In this video I talk about how I'm expanding my business, dust extraction follow up, what's new and some new tools in tool talk, plus a Christmas message featuring Dylan

Making A Large Beam Compass

I looked through my scrap pile and found a piece of what I think is ash, which measured 600mm in length and 27mm square.
I'd start by drilling a hole for the pencil, and using calipers I measured the width of a pencil at 7mm.  I drilled a 7mm hole, but that was a bit tight so I came back with an 8mm bit, and then the pencil could slide in. 
 
I raised the blade on my tablesaw and then moved the fence so that the workpiece was centred to the blade, and made a cut through the hole, and a bit further.  I rotated the workpiece making cuts from both sides to make sure the slot was even on both sides. Then I gave it a squeeze by hand to check how much flex there was, as this part would be the clamping part to hold the pencil and it seemed fine.
 
I needed an m8 bolt next, and unfortunately I didn't have any in the shop, but I did have some m8 threaded rod so I used that instead.  I just needed to cut it to length with an angle grinder.  This heats the metal up quite a lot so I used some water to cool it down.
 
Then I rounded over each end on the bench grinder to remove the burrs - this made the wingnuts screw on really easily. 
 
Next I marked up where to drill a hole for rod and drilled with an 8mm bit.
 
I could then add the rod, and a washer and wingnut to each end.
 
I tested this out with a pencil inside and it sinched it down nicely.
 
Then it was back to the scrap pile and this time I pulled out a small piece of oak to use which would hold the compasses pin.
I marked around the end of the bar of the compass on to the centre of the oak and used a 25mm forstner bit to remove most of the material inside the pencil marks, then I drilled some 3mm holes in the corners of the square and removed the rest of the material with chisels.
 
And the piece of oak fitted nicely on to the length of ash.  
 
I did a bit of hand sanding to the inside of the square hole.  
 
This piece needed a hole for a piece of threaded rod too.  I drilled that on the pillar drill because the piece of oak I used was quite thin, and I wasn't confident enough to drill the hole by hand in case I didn't get it straight enough. But the pillar drill did a perfect job.
 
Then at the tablesaw I made another relief cut along the centre of the piece of oak in to the square hole.
I added another piece of rod, washers and wingnuts so that the piece of oak could be sinched securely on to the bar of the compass and that worked well too.
 
Next I marked up a pointed shape for the piece of oak where the pin would be added.  I used a speedsquare to mark up the shape and cut it out on the bandsaw.
 
I cleaned up the bandsaw cuts at my bench sander.
 
I used a nail for the pin of the compass. I used the grinder to shape the head of the nail in to a point.  Then I drilled a pilot hole slightly smaller than the thickness of the nail, added some super glue and hammered the nail in the hole.  
 
I could then shape the other end of the nail to form the compass point.
 
I used my block plane to ease over the sharp edges of the bar of the compass to make it more comfortable to hold. And then I did some final sanding.
 
I decided to add some measurement markings using a black pen.  I first marked up where the centre of the pencil point was. 
 
Then using calipers I measured up the distance between the pin of the compass and the face of the oak piece which measured just over 7mm.  This gave me a distance to offset my ruler by - so I lined up just over 7mm on the ruler with the mark representing the centre of the pencil and then made marks down the length of the bar at 50mm intervals.
 
I used a small square to mark up a line at each of those marks.
 
Then I wrote on the measurements - with radius at the top and diameter at the bottom. 
I used spray varnish to seal the ink and protect the wood. I gave the pieces 3 coats in total, de-nibbing in between each coat with some 600 grit wet and dry paper.  
 
The opposite side of the bar to the measurements got my makers mark, and I sealed that with the spray varnish too.  
 
When the varnish was dry, I applied some clar briwax with a cotton cloth.  After a few hours I buffed out the wax with a cotton cloth.  
 
I could then add the rod, washers and wingnuts again, and try out the compass for the first time.
 
So I set the compass to 200mm radius, or 400mm diameter and drew a circle.  Then I used a tape measure to validate that the measurement markings were cor rect. 
Images: 

My New Dust Extraction System - Installation & Demonstration

Welcome to part 2 of 2 videos about upgrading my workshop dust extraction system.
In part 1 I talked about my reasons for making the changes, and in this is part 2 I'll show you what I did and how I did it.
 
Dust Extractor
 
So I'll start with the dust extractor itself - this is the Numatic NVD750 from Axminster Tools.  Axminster are not a sponsor, and I paid for this with my own money. I paid £570 for this (about 770 dollars).  This is the model with 2x 1200w motors, Axminster do sell a cheaper model which is the NV750 which has a single 1200w motor, but I wanted the extra suction that the more expensive model should provide.
This is an L class extractor, and in order to upgrade it to M class extractor which is capable of dealing with the smallest micron particless of dust like those from sanding and working with MDF I also bought the additional HEPA module for this machine.  This was an additional £334 (about 450 dollars).  This module fits directly on to the extractor with some mounting clips.  
 
So in total this machine was just over £900 (1200 dollars) which is much more than I had planned to spend - but I did a lot of research before choosing this model, and this one was the best option for a few reasons: firstly it's M class like I already mentioned. Secondly it's size - it's relatively compact and will fit nicely in my recently build workshop extension.  And thirdly it's very quiet.  The best way I can demonstrate how quiet it is is to show you some footage of my cat, who is terrified of any vacuum I've ever used.  This is the first time I turned it on, and my cat just happened to come in to the room to see what was going on.  So I decided to turn it on again while he was there to see how he responded.  
 
The extractor also comes with a wheel base but I don't need that part for now, so I unclipped it and I'll pop it in my loft for storage.
I'm really impressed with this machine, the build quality is excellent, the suction is really powerful, it's incredibly quiet, it's M class, and it's so much better than any other vacuum I've ever used - but then it ought to be because it's 6 times more expensive than my old Fox F50 and 18 times more expensive than my Titan 30l.
 
Cyclone Seperator
 
The next part is this, my new home made cyclone seperator.  I won't go in to too much detail about what this does as there is plenty of information out there and I'm not an expert, but just in case you're not aware of what this is for the cyclone sits between the dust extractor and the air that's being sucked in, it creates a vortex which seperates most of the dust and chips before they reach the extractor itself.  This is good for a few reasons, but mostly for keeping the filters or collection bags in the extractor cleaner for longer, which means less hassle and maintenance, and it also makes for a more convenient way of disposing of the dust
This part is the cyclone itself which I bought from Amazon this was £22. Link in the description box below if you're interested in it.
And below that, this is a 70l airtight plastic container also bought on Amazon, and again link in the description box below - it was quite expensive at £32 but it's the only airtight plastic container I could find that would had a big enough capacity that would fit within the space I had available.  A great alternative to this would be this 60l airtight container which is also from Amazon - I'll add a link for this one too.  This is actually the one I ordered and intended to use originally, however after measuring up, I found that with the cyclone on top, it would be slightly too high to fit in my extension, so I had to send that one back for a refund.
Here's what I did to fit the cyclone to the lid of the box.  The cyclone came with a cutting template sticker.  So I put that on the lid.  The main hole requires a 75mm holesaw, and I didn't   have one that size, so I first drilled a clearance hole, and then we used a hacksaw blade to cut the hole.  This worked surprisingly well.  Then I drilled the holes for the screws and removed the template.  I added some sealant to the bottom of the cyclone, and then from the underside of the lid we added the screws and washers.  I then made sure it was well sealed as it was important to keep the box airtight.
 
Air Flow 
 
 So while we're at the extension, there's just one more thing to explain and that is these fans which are on each side of the new extension.  
One of them sucks fresh air in to the extension and the reason for that is firstly so the dust extractor doesn't overheat, but also because I'm also storing my air compressor in here which obviously needs a supply of air, and this intake valve here is positioned facing towards the fan. This compressor is new to me too so I got rid of my oild compressor and got this one instead because it's extremely quiet.  But as this video is about dust collection I'll probably upload a separate short video covering that.
On the otherside there's a fan that blows air out of the extension and that's just to ensure good airflow throughout the extension to replace the air that gets exhausted from the dust extractor.  Now this may or may not be necessary - to be honest I don't really know about this sort of stuff, but I as I was adding one intake fan I figured it would be worth adding an outtake fan too just as a precaution.  Hopefully someone in the comments sections will point out what I've done right or wrong here.
These are the fans and grilles which I bought from Maplins in the UK but you can get these cheaper on Amazon, links in the description box below.
To fit the fans I first traced around the grills, drilled a clearance hole and then cut out the circle with my jigsaw.  
The grill could then be fitted with bolts through the wood cladding and the fan secured with bolts from the inside
 
Ducting
 
The first job was to link up the extractor to the cyclone, and I bought a new vacuum hose on Amazon for this which came with two free size adaptors which helped to connect the hose to the cyclone.  Link in the description for that too.
This hose is the threaded type, so I could cut it to the length I wanted, screw the cuff that came with the adaptors on to the pipe, and then push on the screw on adaptor that fitted to the machine.
I could then screw on one of the adaptor that came with the hose I bought separately, and this pushed snugly on to the top of the cyclone fitting which was an unusual size, as they all seem to be.
I didn't have a good fitting for the other cyclone port so I used the closest one I had and used gaffer tape to fit it.  I'm still looking for an adaptor that's the right size for this so I'm hoping to  replace it for a proper one some day. 
So I wanted to connect all my machines in the workshop up to this one dust extraction system.
And I wanted to keep the pipe runs to the machines as short as possible as I didn't want to lose too much suction and the most direct route was to mount to the ceiling.  Running the pipes under the floor or through the roof would have been better for neatness, but unfortunately wasn't an option due to the roof rafters and floor bearers of my workshop being in the way, and drilling through those for the pipe would certainly compromise their strength. THose options would also mean longer pipe runs, and a loss of some suction.
Next I needed to get the hose connected to the ducting in the workshop, and for that I'd use 40mm PVC waste pipe and push fit fittings which I got from ScrewFix. I got the idea for this from Matt at the Happy Wife Happy Life YouTube channel, and I really liked the idea because the pipe is relatively small  and unobstructive.  
I used a long drill bit to drill a pilot hole all the way through the wall in to the workshop, and then came back with a 40mm holesaw. Then I realised I was trying to drill through the workshop frame which you can see here, so I abandoned that and drilled another hole below it.  I could then drill through from the inside of the workshop out and insert the PVC pipe through the wall. 
I had another fitting which seemed to connect nicely to one of these 90 degree fittings, and I tested that  by blowing through it blocking the air with my hand and it seemed really good, so I threaded that on to the hose and connected the 90 degree angle up to the pipe through the wall.
Then I could attach more of the push fit fittings and pipe leading to each of my machines using clips to secure everything.
Because the pipes were offset from one of my walls due to one of the T fittings, I made a simple storage box thing out of some scrap OSB mounted to the wall just so that I had something to secure the pipe too.  And I gave that a coat of paint just so it would blend in better with the wall.
The most difficult machine to get the ducting to was the mitre saw - it was a tight space and I needed to ensure the pipes wouldn't get in the way of the saw movement as it rotates and pivots. I drilled a pilot hole from the top down, using a right angle chuck attachment in my drill, and then drilled up from the bottom with a 40mm holesaw, and then I could add the pipe and blast gate which I'll talk about next.
 
Blast Gates
 
I needed the ability to isolate the suction to each machine in order to get the most possible suction to whichever machine I needed to use, so I decided to make a blast gate for each machine.
I used some offcuts of 6mm plywood to make them, I first cut some pieces about 11cm square on the tablesaw. 
Then I ripped some thing strips about 15mm. I offered them up to opposing edges of the 11cm squares and measured the distance between them which was around 71mm so I cut some more strips at 71mm.
I glued and clamped the thin strips on each side sandwiched in the middle of another of the square pieces,and then inserted one of the 71mm strips making sure it was a snug fit between them and then I removed it and I could leave that to dry.  I later added some small screws just for extra re-enforcement.
And this is what I had.
And then I added some more thin strips to each side of the 71mm strip to act as stops for the gate. 
When I ran out of spring clamps I used bulldog clips instead.
A couple of the gates came out really tight so I added some candle wax to the inside and that helped them to open and close more easily.
I cleaned up the edges of the gates with a block plane.
Then I found the centre of the square and drilled through all three layers of the ply at the drill press. 
And that made the gates open and close.
Next with the gate in the closed position I could add the pipe to one side of the gate, this was quite a tight fit so I used a hammer to persuade them in 
And then I used sealant to ensure they were air tight.
I could then do the same to the other side of the gate, and that was those done and ready to fit to main pipework.
 
Connecting each machine
 
Next I needed to attach more hose to the pipes with the blast gates installed.
And the best solution I found for this was to use these adaptors which I found on Amazon - link in the description box below for these too.  These come in three pieces, the first part pushes on over the threads. The second piece screws on to the threads, and the third piece slips over the cuff and clicks in to the first piece. And this nozzle fits really nicely in to the 40mm pipe
 get the pipes attached to the blast gates attached to each machine, and all of my machines seem to have different sized dust ports, there doesn't seem to be any consistency which makes doing this sort of thing much harder than it should be.
 
Images: 

Why I'm Upgrading Dust Extraction

In this video I'm going to talk about why I'm upgrading the dust collection system in my workshop.  This will be the first of two parts - in this video I'm covering why I'm upgrading, and in the second part I'll show what I'm upgrading to and how I upgraded it.
This is going to be predominantly a talking video so if that's not your thing, you probably won't be interested in this one.
 
MY CURRENT SYSTEM
 
Currently I have 2x 30l shop vacs for dust extraction. One is connected permanently to my tablesaw, the other I use for my mitresaw and bench top sander by simply moving the hose from here to here. Occasionally I'll also connect this one up to my bandsaw if I'm using it for a long time, but usually I just rely on the passive dust collection drawer on the bandsaw. I also sometimes use this one for hand tools like my random orbit sander or circular saw too.  
 
The one machine that I don't currently have a dust extraction solution for is my planer/thicknesser. That's because the amount of chips it creates really requires a large 100mm diameter hose, and I don't have a way of connecting that up to my shop vacs so when I use that machine, I rely on a respirator and a dustpan and brush to clear up the chips.
 
CURRENT ISSUES
 
There are a few issues I have with my current set up that I wanted to address with my new set up and these are:
Firstly - Health - while regular shop vacs like mine are good for collecting most of the dust and chips produced by machines, they are not good at providing a complete solution for the very small micron particles that are the most harmful to your lungs. The reason for this, and by the way this was a complete surprise to me, is because unless your shop vac is "M rated" and has a HEPA cartridge or bag fitted, and most of them don't, once the shop vac has collected the dust, some of the very smallest dust particles escape from the shop vac through the exhaust of the vacuum back in to the workspace. And when you move around the workshop and disturb that dust, it floats around again and potentially ends up in your lungs again if you're not wearing a respirator most of the time. Those small particles tend to be mainly created by sanding or cutting materials like MDF or hardwoods.  So it was important to me that my new dust system would be rated M class, to deal with those small dangerous dust particles.
 
Secondly, noise - of my two shop vacs - one is quite loud and the other is even louder.  Most inexpensive shop vacs tend to be rated at around 80 decibels, and if your workspace is close to other people like neighbours, that can be a nuisance, especially when coupled with the noise produced by the machine that you're using that is connected to the shop vac.  For example, my tablesaw is very loud, and it's connected to a shop vac that is also loud.  That's fine for me because I'm wearing ear protection - but I'd like to be less of a nuisance to my neighbours when I use my workshop.  You can buy quieter machines, I've seen some rated at much lower decibel rating so that's what I'm going to upgrade to. And you can also try to contain some of that noise level with sound insulation - which is why I've used Rockwool sound insulation in my extension where the dust extractor will be located.  
 
Thirdly space.  Having two shop vacs in such a small workshop isn't ideal.  My plan is that my new dust extractor will be the only one that I use for everything, connected up to all my machines.  If I can remove both of the shop vacs I currently use from the workshop in exchange for a new system housed in my extension, that means I can use the space that those machines take up for other things.
 
Fourth - dealing with dust particles once they've been collected.  For a long time now I've wanted a cyclone system but I've never figured out how I could fit one in to my shop due to lack of space.  But now I have the extension, I also have space in that for a home-made cyclone system that will collect a lot of the chips and dust before they reach my dust extractor.  That means I won't have to clean shop vac filters anywhere near as often.  Currently I clean both of my shop vac filters at least once a month and have to empty the 30l bins quite regularly too.  A cyclone and dust collection bin will make the process of getting rid of chips and dust much easier and less time spent cleaning filters will mean more time in the shop.
 
DRAWBACKS FOR UPGRADING
 
So they're the issues with my current system, and while I'm hoping to improve on most of those things with the new system, there are a few challenges to overcome with the new set up.  These are:
 
Ducting and connectivity.  To extract dust from all my machines in to one dust extractor, I will need to install ducting to all my machines.  In order to do that, I need to decide what size pipe to use, I need to find a way to install them in my small workshop without them being too intrusive, I have to find the right fittings to fit my machines which all have various sized dust ports, and I'll need a blast gate solution so that I can control which machine the suction from the extractor is working on, and I need to find a way to minimise the chances of getting blockages of chips in the pipework.
 
Convenience - in upgrading to my new system, I'll sacrifice some convenience - and here are two examples.  Firstly, even though my current dust collection is quite basic, it is actually very convenient because both my shop vacs have a power socket built in to them and an automatic start up feature which means they turn on automatically as soon as I turn on the machines that I'm using and turn off automatically when I turn the machines off.  My new system will not have that functionality.  Instead I will need to get used to turning on my dust extractor before using a machine and turn it off when I'm finished.  And if that wasn't enough, secondly I'll also have to get used to opening and closing blast gates each and every time I use a machine.  All of that is going to be really difficult for me to get used to and remember, because I'm so used to just turning on and using a machine without doing any of that other stuff.  
 
And suction - and this is a complete unknown at the moment, but in theory the suction from my new dust extractor will not be as effective as it should be due to the length of the ducting running from the extractor to my machines.  The longest length it will be running will be around 4m.  I am hoping that it will be OK but that's one of those things that I won't know until I try it.  So it's a bit of a risk.
 
So to summarise, I think that I'm doing the right thing here and that the benefits of the new system will outweigh the drawbacks - but I can't be sure until I have installed it and tested it out, and by that point I will have done quite a lot of work, and spent a lot of money...  So it's going to be an adventure!
 
OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
 
If you have a small workshop like mine, then the 100mm or 4 inch diameter pipes aren't very practical as they take up too much space.
I haven't decided what size I'm going to use yet, but there are cheap options like using PVC pipe, which can create issues with static shocks, but apparently that is very low risk, or more expensive options like using flexible ducting
 

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